OUTPATIENT BILLING GUIDELINES
THE REIMBURSEMENT STRUCTURE FOR NON-EXCEPTED OFF-CAMPUS HOPDs
Provider-based rules, which were amended in 2016, may significantly impact operational decision making. In its final OPPS rule, CMS included provisions intended to implement “site neutral” reimbursement for certain off-campus provider-based locations. Although hospitals will continue to bill the “technical” or “facility” component on a CMS-1450 (UB-04), CMS created a new site of service identified by the “PN” modifier, which must be added to institutional claims from these locations. Claims with this modifier will be paid under the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS). The claim will undergo the same OPPS process from an IT perspective, yet will receive a new payment rate. This new rate is intended to reflect the “estimated relative resource costs” in furnishing services, and will incorporate packaging and billing rules unique to the hospital outpatient setting. For CY2017, CMS states these new “technical” or “facility” component rates will generally be set at 50% of the OPPS payment rate for the same service Given this 50% general test, it seems likely that some services will continue to receive a positive reimbursement impact in the provider-based setting, whereas others may benefit from a freestanding venue. Murer applied this general test to the evaluation & management of established patients CPT code set below, utilizing current CMS base rates. The results show newly established or acquired HOPDs still benefit from provider-based status for this E&M code set, though results will likely vary by service:
|Physician Office||On-campus HOPD||Grandfathered Off-campus HOPD||New Off-campus HOPD|
|1500 with POS 11||1500 with POS 22||1500 with POS 19||1500 with POS 19|
|No UB||UB without modifier||UB with modifier “PO”||UB with modifier “PN”|
SAMPLE OF REIMBURSEMENT DIFFERENTIALS
|E&M Established Patient CPT Code||Physician Office||On-campus HOPD||Grandfathered Off-campus HOPD||New Off-campus HOPD|
|99211||$ 20.05||$ 111.43||$ 111.43||$ 60.37|
|99212||$ 43.68||$ 127.54||$ 127.54||$ 76.48|
|99213||$ 73.40||$ 153.68||$ 153.68||$ 102.62|
|99214||$ 108.13||$ 181.25||$ 181.25||$ 130.19|
|99215||$ 145.72||$ 214.19||$ 214.19||$ 163.13|
- “HOPD” means hospital outpatient department.
- “Physician Office” values assume “non-facility” (i.e., POS 11) rate per the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (“MPFS”).
- “On-campus HOPD” and “Grandfathered Off-campus HOPD” values combine “facility” rate per the MPFS (i.e., POS 19 or 22) plus the Outpatient Prospective Payment System (“OPPS”) rate for CPT G0463.
- “New Off-campus HOPD” values combine “facility” rate per the MPFS (i.e., POS 19) plus 50% of OPPS rate for CPT G0463.